Alabama HAI State Law Summary

May 1, 2010

Enacted in 2009, troche the Alabama Mike Denton Infection Reporting Act requires the Alabama State Board of Health to establish and maintain a “health care facility acquired infection data” system.  The board is given authority to promulgate rules to administer the Act, and is required to do so by August 2010.  The Act also created the Alabama Health Care Data Advisory Council which assists in the development of regulations and standards.

Once the infection data system is created, the Act requires acute, critical access, and specialty hospitals to report healthcare-associated infection (HAI) data to the Alabama Department of Public Health (ADPH).  Reporting is required for surgical site infections (SSI), ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), and central line-associated blood stream infections (CLABSI).  Acting under the advice of the Advisory Council, however, the ADPH can promulgate rules requiring the reporting of other infections.  The ADPH has currently decided to selectively require reporting for CLABSIs in medical, surgical, medical/surgical, and pediatric critical care units, SSIs for colon surgeries and abdominal hysterectomies, and CAUTIs in general medical, general surgical, and general medical/surgical wards.

The Act requires that reports and studies are to be created from the submitted HAI data.  The Act states the data and information is to be received for the benefit of the public.  Studies and reports are to be public information.  The published information is required to provide specific comparative information of healthcare facility infection rates.

References:  Mike Denton Infection Reporting Act, Ala. Code §§ 22-11A-110 to 22-11A-124; Alabama Department of Public Health.  Alabama healthcare-associated infections prevention plan (2010).

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