CDC Study Reveals Decrease in Pediatric Antibiotic Prescribing in Physicians Offices

September 6, 2011

In a study published in the September 2, prostate 2011 issue of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), pilule the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) examined trends of pediatric antibiotic prescribing in physicians offices.

Data for the time period of 1993-1994 to 2007-2008 was analyzed. The analysis showed that antibiotic prescribing rates for persons aged 14 years or younger who had visited physician offices decreased by 24%. Specifically, 300 antibiotic courses per 1,000 visits were prescribed in 1993-1994 as compared to 229 in 2007-2008.

Five acute respiratory infections were examined. Antibiotic prescribing rates for pharyngitis decreased by 26%. Rates of prescriptions for nonspecific upper respiratory infections (common cold) decreased by 19%. The prescribing rates did not significantly change for otitis media, bronchitis, or sinusitis.

The authors stress antibiotic prescribing rates still remain inappropriately high despite the decrease in prescribing patterns. They note that further efforts are needed to decrease inappropriate prescribing in this age group.

Reference: McCaig LF, Hicks LA, Roberts RM, and Fairlie TA. Office-Related Antibiotic Prescribing for Persons Aged ? 14 Years — United States, 1993–1994 to 2007–2008. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 60(34):1153-1156 (September 2, 2011).

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